Do You Qualify For An Earned Income Tax Credit?

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Do You Qualify For An Earned Income Tax Credit?
January 26, 2017

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a program designed to provide tax relief for American workers with low-paying jobs. Could you qualify for this tax credit? If you have a relatively low income, take some time to find out.

Earned Income Tax Credit Qualification

Some eligible taxpayers miss out on EITC savings because they have no taxes withheld and think that they cannot possibly qualify. However, EITC is a refundable credit, meaning that even if you owe no taxes you may be eligible to get money back — as long as you file a tax return. You cannot qualify if you do not file. But if you do file, and owe no taxes, you may get a check from Uncle Sam anyway!

To claim this credit, you must meet certain requirements. First, you must have earned income. Generally, this refers to wages, salaries, tips or self-employment income. Other earned income sources include long-term disability benefits (if you are below the minimum retirement age) and union strike benefits. Unemployment benefits such as alimony, child support, interest/dividends, and Social Security benefits do not count as earned income. Non-taxable combat pay may be classified either way — seek professional advice in that situation. You must also have a valid Social Security number and be a U.S. citizen or resident alien, and you cannot be claimed as a qualifying child of another taxpayer.

Next, your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) must be below a series of scaled limits based on filing status and the number of qualifying children that you have. A qualifying child must be a close relative (child, grandchild, stepchild, or adopted child) and younger than nineteen years of age (or 24 if a full-time student). Foster children also qualify. Details are available here. Note that only one person can claim the same child. This may cause trouble among separated or divorced parents and can put the IRS in the position to determine who can rightfully claim the credit.

AGIs are found on line 37 of Form 1040, line 21 on Form 1040A and line 4 on Form 1040-EZ. In tax year 2016 (to be filed by April 18, 2017) for single filers, heads of household, or widowers, the AGI limit is $14,880 with no qualifying children, $39,296 for one child, $44,648 for two, and $47,955 with three or more. For married filing jointly status, the corresponding limits are $20,430, $44,846, $50,198, and $53,505 respectively. The corresponding maximum tax credits range from $506 with no qualifying children to $6,269 with three or more qualifying children.

In tax year 2017 (to be filed by April 2018) the respective limits change to $15,010 for no qualifying children, $39,617 for one, $45,007 for two, and $48,340 for three or more when filing under single, head of household or widowed status. For married filing jointly, 2017 limits are $20,600, $45,207, $50,597, and $53,930 respectively. Maximum credits range from $510 (zero qualifying children) to $6,318 (three or more children).

You can get a rough idea of whether you qualify for the EITC by using an estimator from the IRS itself. For further information, consult the IRS EITC webpage. Make sure that the information relates to the correct tax year — the IRS is not always diligent in updating the status of their pages to reflect the current tax year and recent changes.

Do not let fear of tax forms stop you from claiming a tax credit that you deserve. Many people who qualify for EITC also qualify for the IRS Free File program or volunteer assistance at IRS centers. Besides, by definition, if you qualify for the EITC you are very much in need of the financial assistance that it can provide.

Get help evaluating your status if you need it, but in any case, be sure to see if you qualify for the EITC. Collect all the savings that you deserve.

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Carla Truett | 02.18.16 @ 18:02
This is great for the people who don't abuse it. I qualified one time many years ago.
Irene | 02.18.16 @ 18:02
I wish we did qualify every little bit would help
Nancy | 02.18.16 @ 18:02
If you qualify, this is a valuable credit to claim. I've qualified in the past and it made a nice difference in my refunds.
Bobbie | 02.18.16 @ 18:02
First time my family has not qualified for the EIC between one kiddo growing up and moving out, and hubby having a ton of overtime this year. Did taxes at home, and was pretty to find all the information we needed to see if we qualified or not.
Erin | 02.18.16 @ 18:02
This is not something we qualify for, but I'm glad to know that it exists for those who can take advantage of it.
trish | 02.18.16 @ 18:03
not sure we would qualify for this one, but I will ask our adviser to take a look at this, and other deductions/credits this site has told me about!
Alec | 02.18.16 @ 18:04
My husband and I were eligible for a few tax credits we didn't think we'd get this year. I think the earned income one was one of them. It's always worth it to plug stuff in to the system just to see what it says about your calculated refund since you can check before you file!
Sarah | 02.18.16 @ 18:04
We pretty much always qualify... sadly. Good breakdown on it though. Will look into some of those links at the bottom.
Amanda | 02.18.16 @ 18:05
We usually do, but we shall see about this year, as I'm dragging a bit on filing.
Steffanie | 02.18.16 @ 18:07
We qualified every year before we took over the family business. It was nice to have the extra.
brittany.martinez530 | 01.26.17 @ 17:06
It would be awesome if we did qualify, but sadly, we dont. It'd help for sure.
Christina | 01.26.17 @ 17:39
This is a great help to those who qualify. I was able to claim this credit twice, several years ago after my divorce, and it really made a difference.
Zanna | 01.27.17 @ 03:30
We will be looking at our taxes much more carefully to see if we are eligible for any of these credits! I hope we do qualify.
$commenter.renderDisplayableName() | 11.23.17 @ 02:04

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