6 Tips For Charitable Contributions

All About Giving… and Getting Tax Breaks

6 Tips For Charitable Contributions
November 25, 2016

This election season was marred by attacks on both presidential candidates' charities, but don't let that put you off.

You want to do the right thing and make charitable contributions to help your fellow man. At the same time, it is nice to get your own benefits by receiving corresponding tax breaks. You certainly can do both, but you need to take a few steps first as you consider which charities to support.

1. Verify a Charity is Legitimate – Unfortunately, fake charities exist to take advantage of people’s good nature. Online research can separate the scams from legitimate operations. Note that sham organizations may have names or acronyms similar to well-known organizations; be sure that you have the exact name before searching (verify with the address, phone number, or other specifics).

Try searching for the organization’s website, check for complaints, and verify the organization with clearing house sites such as Charity Navigator or the Wise Giving Alliance put out by the Better Business Bureau. If you are unsure, don’t contribute.

2. Look for Qualified Charities – The IRS maintains an updated list of “qualified” charities, meaning that contributions to that organization are tax-deductible. Most non-profit charitable organizations fit the criteria, but check the Exempt Organization Select Check on the IRS website just to be sure.

Legitimate churches and government organizations are eligible even if they do not appear on the list. If you are unsure, call the IRS for confirmation.

Once you have chosen a charity (or charities) and determined they are legitimate and qualified for tax purposes, you can make your contributions. As you do, consider the following:

3. Research in Depth – Just because a charity is legitimate doesn’t mean that it is the best use of your dollars. Do more in-depth research to determine your comfort level. Does the charity’s mission, scope, and locations served fit your plans? How is the money used? How much goes toward overhead, and do they have unusual expenses? Be sure before you donate.

4. Decide on Method/Type of DonationMonetary donations are fairly straightforward. For all donations, you need some form of written record to be able to claim tax deductions, and above $250, it must be either an acknowledgement letter from the organization or records of payroll deduction if that is how the payment was made.

Non-cash contributions, anything from used clothing to jewelry or parcels of land, are typically assessed at fair market value for tax purposes. Higher value items will require an appraisal.

Non-cash contributions have escalating criteria of proof starting at $250 up to over $5,000, where an appraisal is typically necessary. See IRS Publication 526, Charitable Contributions, for details.

Larger and more complex methods such as charitable trusts, donor-advised funds, pooled income funds, and other methods of creating running donations should be set up with the assistance of a qualified tax advisor.

5. Be Aware of Limits – As a deduction, the benefits you receive will be proportional to your tax rate. The total limit on deductible charitable donations is 50% of your AGI, although there are other specialized limits that may apply in certain cases. You may also be able to carry unused deductions for use in subsequent year’s taxes for up to 5 years. Again, see Publication 526 for details.

Higher income donors have other limitations to consider. The Pease limitation kicks in at an Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) of $258,250 for individual taxpayers and $309,900 for married couples, and limits itemized deductions to 3% of the dollar amount earned over the threshold up to an 80% cap on the total itemized deductions.

Any benefits (merchandise, tickets, services, etc.) received as part of the donation reduce your deductible amount by the value of the benefits.

6. Keep Track – As fundamental as it may sound, make sure you keep track of all donations and the corresponding paperwork. No paperwork, no deduction. Use a spreadsheet if it helps.

To take advantage of your deductions, you will need to itemize them on Schedule A, and you will also need to file Form 8283 if you made total non-cash contributions valued at more than $500. For more complex charitable methods, other IRS forms may be required. Feel free to ask the MoneyTips professional advisers any additional questions you may have.

Those in need thank you for your charitable contributions – and when tax time rolls around, your wallet will thank you as well.


Photo ©iStockphoto.com/fstop123

  Conversation   |   12 Comments

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Carla Truett | 11.27.15 @ 19:01
Definitely do your research. This time of year there are a lot of scams going on.
Alec | 11.27.15 @ 19:03
I don't typically donate money, but I do donate clothing, toys, home goods, food and other things. I don't like donating money because of the scams. Sometimes even legitimate charities run in to people who are greedy enough to skim and I'd prefer to directly help someone.
Daniel Dohlstrom | 11.27.15 @ 19:05
Though giving is good to do anyway getting a break tax time is nice. Be sure you get it done properly and safely with reputable organizations
Zanna | 11.27.15 @ 19:05
Make your giving part of your budget, and give when you want to give. Do not fall for phone solicitations or door to door pitches!
Erin | 11.27.15 @ 19:06
It's so important to make sure charities are legit and that they are not wasting your donation. Good information!
Debbie | 11.27.15 @ 19:07
I donate a chunk of cash to St. Judes every tax return. I trust that they are using the funds to help the children because I sadly know many people that have had their children as patients there.
Elaine | 11.27.15 @ 19:09
I always make sure I know the place really well before I donate.
Britt | 11.27.15 @ 19:11
I always make sure to research charities before I donate. You never really know
Kailie | 11.27.15 @ 19:13
It's always really sad that so many charities suck when it comes to giving % to the actual charities
Steffanie | 11.27.15 @ 19:14
We are very cautious with where are contributions go. Sad there are scammers out there.
Leslie | 11.27.15 @ 19:15
There are so many stories about charities that mismanage the funds they get, this is a great guide for donating.
trish | 11.27.15 @ 19:17
So hard...because you want to donate the little money you can to a cause that will use the money to actual do the work. We have limited our donations to physical goods, with only a select a year that get a monetary donation.
$commenter.renderDisplayableName() | 12.06.16 @ 22:04
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